Anne Cox Chambers, with then-French Culture Minister Frederic Mitterand, was awarded the French Legion of Honor in 2009.(Thibault Camus / Associated Press)
Anne Cox Chambers, a newspaper heiress, diplomat and philanthropist who was one of the country’s richest women, has died at her home in Atlanta.
Chambers died early Friday, her nephew James Cox Kennedy told the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, her company’s flagship newspaper. She was 100.
“Aunt Anne was a wonderful, kind and elegant lady who cared deeply about her family, her company and her country,” said Kennedy, who served as Cox Enterprises’ chief executive from 1988 to 2008 and continues as chairman. “She took the responsibility of good fortune very seriously and gave back to the best of her ability to the many causes she cared about.”
Chambers, a director of Cox Enterprises Inc., promoted Jimmy Carter’s political career and served as U.S. ambassador to Belgium during his presidency.
“Her life serves as a path for fairness and equality for everyone and especially for women and girls,” Carter said in a statement Friday.
Forbes estimated Chambers’ net worth several years ago at nearly $17 billion.
She was the daughter of James Middleton Cox, the 1920 Democratic presidential candidate and founder of Cox Enterprises Inc. The privately held company has included the Atlanta Journal-Constitution and other newspapers, radio and TV stations, cable TV systems and other businesses.
While most of her wealthy friends were Republicans, she remained a staunch Democrat. At 89, she even knocked on doors for Barack Obama’s 2008 presidential campaign, the newspaper reported.
“I just don’t discuss politics with my friends. No use having fights,” she once told Vanity Fair magazine.
“Both of my parents were extremely caring people, so that I think growing up, well, there was the fact of feeling responsible,” she said. “My father’s rich friends would complain about paying taxes, but he used to say it was a privilege to pay taxes. In Russia, you’d never make enough money to pay those taxes.”
Chambers’ support of Carter, who captured the Georgia governor’s office with her help in 1970 and the presidency in 1976, won her an appointment as U.S. ambassador to Belgium in 1977.
“People all over had told me she wouldn’t accept it,” Carter recalled in a 1988 interview. “They said Anne didn’t like to go to banquets, didn’t like to meet large numbers of people and absolutely would not make a speech, even to just a few people. She was very timorous about public events.”
But she did accept the job, joking later that she didn’t realize her many conversations with Carter over the years “had been my interviews for an ambassador’s post.” She called the appointment “the greatest honor and privilege of my life.”
After returning to the United States when Carter left office in 1981, she continued to be a major donor to the Democratic National Committee and individual Democratic candidates. She also bought an estate in Provence, and was awarded the French Legion of Honor.
James M. Cox Sr. had begun the family business in 1898 when he purchased the Dayton (Ohio) Daily News. He also was a three-time Ohio governor and a congressman. In 1920, he became the Democratic nominee for president — Franklin Delano Roosevelt was his running mate — but he lost to Republican Warren G. Harding.
Chambers; her mother, Margaretta Blair Cox; sister, Barbara Cox Anthony; and brother James Jr. initially shared interests in the company after James Sr.’s death. Margaretta Cox died in 1960. James Cox Jr. died in 1974, and Chambers and Anthony then held shared interest in the company. Anthony died in 2007 at age 84.
Chambers had little to do with the day-to-day operations of the vast media empire she inherited.
Chambers was born Dec. 1, 1919, in Dayton, Ohio, and attended Finch College in New York, a former finishing school for women in New York. She was married twice, to Louis G. Johnson for 15 years and to Robert W. Chambers for 20 years. Both ended in divorce. She had two daughters with Johnson and a son with Chambers.